Medical Institution Education
Medical institution education encompasses all learning activities and opportunities that take place at a medical school, including curricular design and content, student assessment systems, and the evaluation of the educational program. The decisions about these elements should be based on the faculty and accreditation councils’ professional judgment and be responsive to regional or national healthcare needs.
The curriculum should be organized to ensure that students obtain the knowledge, skills, and professional behaviors necessary for a career in medicine. This includes a foundation of general sciences, such as the biological and behavioral sciences and socio-economics, along with specialized subjects in medicine (e.g., public health). It should include instruction in medical ethics and human rights. 위너넷
Postgraduate medical training is typically conducted in a residency or fellowship, which may be a single year, a series of years, or a longer period. Residents or fellows acquire progressively greater responsibility for patient care during their time in residency or fellowship, and graduate with the skills needed to practice independently.
In the United States, residents and fellows undergo the rigorous process of acquiring professional qualifications through accredited residency and fellowship programs. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, an independent 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, oversees the accrediting of these programs and ensures that graduates are prepared to safely deliver high quality patient care in the United States.
During the residency or fellowship, the resident or fellow is supervised by senior physicians to ensure that they are acquiring the skills and knowledge required for independent medical practice. These physicians are responsible for ensuring that the resident or fellow is competent to practice independently and meets all licensing and ethical standards.
Physicians are also continually developing their knowledge and skills through continuing education opportunities. These can range from a few days to several months in duration, and can include courses, conferences, readings, research, discussion groups, and clinical meetings.
Many physicians also participate in community-based health care through voluntary participation in local or international volunteer organizations, or they may choose to practice in the public sector. All of these experiences help to prepare doctors to work in a multi-cultural environment, with different language skills and cultural values.
Doctors must have a broad and deep understanding of the social determinants of health, which includes factors such as poverty, food insecurity, and housing instability. This understanding is important in order to provide patients with appropriate and effective treatment.
The second pillar of medical education is clinical sciences, which consists of the study and practice of basic and applied science that is needed to diagnose and treat diseases. This consists of the biological, pharmacological, surgical, and clinical sciences, and may also involve other fields of expertise such as biomedical engineering or health services research.
A third pillar of medical education is health systems science, which emphasizes the study and understanding of the health delivery system and how the medical community works together to improve the health of individuals and populations. This aims to improve the efficiency of the health care system and reduce costs.